2014 Hurricane Track Summary
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Learn about 2014 Hurricane Summary
The 2014 Atlantic hurricane season was a below average Atlantic hurricane season that produced nine tropical cyclones, eight named storms, the fewest since the 1997 Atlantic hurricane season, six hurricanes and two major hurricanes. It officially began on June 1, 2014 and ended on November 30, 2014. These dates historically describe the period each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin. The first storm of the season, Arthur, developed on July 1, one month after the official start; while the final storm, Hanna, dissipated on October 28.
Hurricane Arthur became the earliest known hurricane to make landfall in the state of North Carolina and was also the only system to make landfall in the United States this season. It developed from an initially non-tropical area of low pressure over the Southeastern United States and made landfall over Shackleford Banks on July 4 as a Category 2 hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 100 mph (160 km/h). The hurricane dissipated a few days later over the Labrador Sea. Arthur caused one indirect fatality and $52.5 million (2014 USD) in damage.
Other storms were notable in their own terms. Hurricane Bertha brushed the Lesser Antilles but its impacts were relatively minor. Hurricane Cristobal's rip currents affected the U.S. states of Maryland and New Jersey, resulting in one fatality in each state. Tropical storm Dolly made landfall in eastern Mexico and triggered flooding due to heavy rains. Hurricane Edouard became the first major hurricane of the season and the first to form in the North Atlantic basin since Sandy in 2012. Although Edouard never made landfall, two deaths near the coast of Maryland were attributed to strong rip currents from the storm. Hurricane Fay affected Bermuda, though its impacts were quite minimal.
Hurricane Gonzalo was the most intense hurricane of the season. A powerful Atlantic hurricane, Gonzalo had destructive impacts in the Lesser Antilles and Bermuda, and it was also the first Category 4 hurricane since Ophelia in 2011 and the strongest hurricane since Igor in 2010. It caused 5 direct fatalities and at least $200 million (2014 USD) in damage. The last storm of the season, Tropical Storm Hanna, made landfall over Central America in late October producing minimal impact.
Most major forecasting agencies predicted below-average activity to occur this season due to a strong El Niño that was expected to hinder high seasonal activity; however, the El Niño failed to materialize.