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Stratospheric Warming Beginning – if it persists, suggests cold coming end of November and December US and Europe

By Joe D'Aleo
Monday, November 23, 2009

Below is a cross section of height/temperature anomalies for the Polar Regions (65-90N). Note each time the warming reached into the mid Troposphere, the AO Index tanked. The negative AO was why October was 3rd coldest in 115 years for the United States.

It has retreated to higher levels and the AO has recovered for the time being. That is why the US turned warmer this month.


See that warming spread into the arctic high atmosphere (50mb) from the Pacific side here.

See animation for 50 mb here:

See animation from early October for 30 mb here:

See in the following charts how the temperature has exceeded long term maximum for those levels.

See here how this developed in 2005 in this cross section. Note the big mid tropospheric warming in late November and December with a collapse of the AO.

See the result in the December 1-22 period.

Amazingly similar to winters when the warmest waters were located in central Tropical Pacific and cold eastern areas.

Note the tendency in both for a negative NAO (positive heights to the north in the Atlantic and lower height south). The negative NAO correlates to cold in the eastern half of the US (and western Europe).

What could go wrong? A false alarm with the warming for one. A stronger El Nino with more warming in the east would change the story (currently we expect it to peak early late November or early December and indeed the strong westerly wind bursts causing this second surge has turned back to tropical easterlies which should enhance upwelling and mix the warm water up and see the Kelvin wave return west as a Rossby wave which will elevate the thermocline and dissipate the El Nino by mid-winter it like it did in 2002/03 and other low solar east QBO years with a cold PDO). Time will tell.